What is Myopia?
Myopia, also referred to as nearsightedness, is a vision condition that causes objects at a distance to appear blurry and out of focus. Objects nearer to the individual are typically clear, although it is possible to have myopia in addition to other vision conditions.
Myopia is caused by the eye growing too long from front to back, which causes incoming light to focus in front of the retina rather than on it, where it should be. Myopia can also be caused by excessive corneal curvature or a lens within the eye that is too thick.
Typically, this condition develops during childhood when the eyeball is going through periods of rapid growth. It may continue to progress quickly until the teen years when it tends to stabilize and progress more slowly. Childhood myopia is usually diagnosed between the ages of 5 and 7.
Prevalence of Myopia
Unfortunately, myopia is not only common but also growing in prevalence. Currently, it is estimated that as much as 25% of the world (1.5 billion people) are considered myopic, and that number is expected to grow to 50% by 2050.
Although several factors may be contributing to this growing number, researchers and eye doctors believe a major one is eye fatigue from the increasing amount of close-up work we do, including using computers, phones, and tablets, reading, and studying. Additionally, less time spent outdoors may also be contributing to the increasing prevalence. Essentially, we are spending more time looking at objects closer to our faces and less time allowing our eyes to focus on those far away.
How to Manage Myopia
Myopia management treatments may include:
The treatments offered include:
- Atropine eye drops
- Multifocal contact lenses
- Orthokeratology (also known as ortho-k)
Dr. Alecia Barnes. O.D. carefully monitors each patient on myopia management, and each case is reviewed every 6-12 months to ensure progress and efficacy in treatment. We are proud to offer this evidence-based treatment to prevent the onset or reduce the progression of nearsightedness in our pediatric patients. Our dedicated team prides itself on staying at the forefront of eye care advancements so you can feel confident choosing the Myopia Control Center at TrueVision Eye Care for your treatment.
What to Expect
All young patients will see Dr. Barnes for an extensive vision examination. During this exam, she will check for several things, including:
- Axial length and retinal shape measurements
- Corneal topography and choroidal thickness measurements
- Cycloplegic axial and peripheral autorefraction
- Lifestyle questionnaire to determine the amount of time spent outdoors and doing near-work
- Discussion of the results
- Development of individualized treatment plan
Each of these tests is non-invasive, and your child’s comfort is a top priority for us. Our team is familiar with helping children, and we are happy to explain anything you or your child has questions about.
The Myopia Control Center at TrueVision Eye Care serves patients in the communities of Morrisville, Raleigh, Durham, Chapel Hill, and throughout North Carolina. To schedule an appointment, please give us a call at (919) 472-4070 for our Morrisville location or (919) 629-9208 for our Leesville Rd. location.